Periodontal (gum) disease is caused by bacteria found in plaque or tartar that has collected on the tooth and traveled below the gum line. Normally, a routine cleaning is sufficient to keep both the teeth and gums in good health, but if oral hygiene habits are lax, the bacteria are given a chance to attack, and more serious dental treatments become necessary to restore the mouth to health. Left untreated, gum disease can cause loose teeth, bad breath, oral infection, tooth loss, as well as other potentially severe health issues. There are both surgical and nonsurgical treatments available to treat periodontal disease, depending on the severity of the case.
Scaling and root planing: similar to a routine cleaning (it’s also referred to as a deep cleaning), but reaches below the gum line. Scaling refers to the removal of plaque and tartar from the tooth surfaces. While regular cleanings stop at the gum line, a scaling procedure goes below the gum line and therefore will require local anesthesia to minimize discomfort. Planing the teeth involves smoothing out the tooth roots. This helps the gums to reattach to the teeth and also discourages bacteria from collecting on the tooth surface. The goal of a deep clean is to help the gum tissue heal and shrink periodontal pockets.
Bone and tissue grafts: when the bone supporting the teeth has been destroyed, it will need to be replaced using guided tissue regeneration.
Gum reshaping: also a cosmetic procedure (for “gummy” smiles), the gums can be reshaped using a dental laser after periodontitis or gingivitis has caused gum recession. This removes deep pockets left by gum disease, seals the remaining gum tissue, and prevents the development of further problems. Please contact the office at Wyndam Manor Dental Care in Ajax, Ontario to schedule an appointment.